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25 LITRES MULTI-PURPOSE SYNTHESIS UNIT MP1074

Main characteristics of the pilot

  • Industrial instrumentation

  • Flow switch of the condenser cooling water for operators safety

  • Safety release valve on heating steam

  • Rupture disc for operator safety

  • Insulation and panels on heating steam for operators safety

  • Borosilicate glass and stainless steel AISI 316L manufacturing

  • Rigid process pipes

  • Product vacuum supply system for storing reagents

  • Downwards dismantling of reactor vessel without dismantling upper section of reactor

  • ATEX fixed speed stirring motor

  • AISI 316L stainless steel bag filter

  • Vent line pipe

 

PRINCIPLE OF WORKING :

The reaction is a fundamental operation of the chemical industry, allowing the production, from simple molecules (reagents), of increasingly complex compounds destined for a growing number of industries (chemistry, pharmacy etc).

The reactor is of the well-mixed type and operates in a batch process: the quantity of reagent is introduced at the start of processing in a single quantity or controlled over time. The reaction mixture is brought to the required temperature. The presence of a distillation column makes it possible to evaporate a solvent in the same reactor, to separate the reaction products once the desired conversion rate has been reached. At the end of processing the products of the reaction are collected after cooling.

The reactor also allows “batch” crystallizations to be performed, with the crystals then being separated from the mother liquor by filtration.

 

Teaching objectives

Study of the following experimental parameters :

  • Study of simple reactions.

  • Study of evaporation.

  • Crystallization by evaporation, chemical reaction or cooling.

  • Total reflux reactions.

  • Batch distillation with partial condensation.

  • Batch distillation under reduced pressure.

Calculations :

  • Mass balance.

  • Conversion rates.

  • Heat balance.

     

Technical specifications

 

EQUIPMENT :

  • Borosilicate glass feed tank for storing reagents, graduated with product vacuum supply system for filling reagents.

  • Cone-shaped reactor: AISI 316L stainless steel vessel, with insulated double jacket for heating steam, flush mounted drain valve; 25 litres nominal volume; NB500 AISI 316L stainless steel lid with illuminated inspection window and safety disc rated at 0.5 bar.

  • AISI 316L stainless steel fixed speed stirring assembly with “V” type anchor.

  • AISI 316L stainless steel column in one piece, with AISI 316L stainless steel “MULTIKNIT” type packing.

  • AISI 316L stainless steel partial condenser, vertical, shell and tubes type with baffles.

  • AISI 316L stainless steel total condenser, vertical, shell and tubes type with baffles.

  • AISI 316L stainless steel distillate cooler.

  • Graduated borosilicate glass distillate receivers.

  • Steam supply circuit with steam filter, steam relief valve, steam flow adjustable valve, safety valve, condensate bleeder and protection panel of operator safety.

  • AISI 316L stainless steel connecting tubes for the process and reinforced PVC for cooling fluid tube.

  • AISI 316L stainless steel vacuum piping for the various sub-assemblies on the general manifold.

  • Borosilicate glass vacuum trap.

  • AISI 316L stainless steel bag filter operating under reduced pressure; capacity 20 litres.

  • AISI 316L stainless steel vent line piping for the various sub-assemblies on the general manifold to central extractor.

  • A3 format AISI 316L stainless steel document support.

  • Support framework with AISI 304L stainless steel tubes, aluminium connecting nuts and adjustable feet.

     

INSTRUMENTATION :

  • Cooling water feed to partial condenser fitted with variable area flowmeter and its adjusting valve.

  • Cooling water feed to total condenser fitted with variable area flowmeter with its adjusting valve and water flow switch to turn off heating in case of lack of cooling water.

  • Cooling water feed to reactor fitted with variable area flowmeter and its adjusting valve.

  • Measurement of the column pressure drop by differential “U” type manometer.

  • Heating steam feed pressure gauge by “BOURDON” type manometer.

  • Reagent feed flow rate measurement by variable area flowmeter.

  • Reflux and distillate flow rate measurements by variable area flowmeters.

  • Reactor and pilot plant pressure gauges by “BOURDON” type manometers.

  • IP55 command and control cabinet fitted with an emergency stop, operating buttons and the following interfaces:

  • Two digital temperature indicators with eight Pt100 Ω type probes.

 

Dimensions and weight

2200 mm x 1000 m x 3850 mm ~ 450 kg.

 

Essential requirements

400 V / 50 Hz / 3-phase + N: 1 kW.

Cold water 20°C / 3 bar: 1 m³/h.

Vacuum 50 mbar: 20 Nm3/h

Steam 4 bar: 25 kg/h.

Drain for heating condensates. (100°C)