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BATCH SOLID-LIQUID EXTRACTION (SOXHLET) MP1036

Main characteristics of the pilot

  • Industrial instrumentation

  • Flow switch of the condenser cooling water for operators safety

  • Level and temperature switches to protect heating element

  • Borosilicate glass and stainless steel AISI 316L manufacturing

  • Rigid process pipes

  • Electrical heating

 

PRINCIPLE OF WORKING :

Solid-liquid extraction is a semi-continuous process, coupling distillation with a « SOXHLET » type cartridge containing the solid product impregnated with an active principle (solute) to be extracted by dissolution in a warm solvent.

The distillation column generates solvent vapours, which are condensed ; this pure and warm solvent is fed into the cartridge containing the inert solid and the solute.

When the cartridge is full, the solution obtained (solvent and solute) empties out automatically by siphon action (leaching), and then returns to the boiler where the solvent is once more brought to the boiling point. Leaching can also be caused by the continuous feeding of solvent or by successive manual draining.

The solvent may also be fed in a single “pass” for infusion then the extract obtained is drained manually.

 

Teaching objectives

 

Study of the following experimental parameters :

  • Influence of solvent type.

  • Influence of residence time.

  • Influence of operating principle.

Calculations :

  • Mass balance.

  • Mass exchange coefficient calculation.

     

Technical specifications

EQUIPMENT :

  • Borosilicate glass boiler, electric heating, equipped with low-level safety switch and high temperature safety switch.

  • Empty borosilicate glass column.

  • Inclined condenser, borosilicate glass body, AISI 316L stainless steel exchanger, single effect with baffles.

  • AISI 316L stainless steel distillate cooler.

  • « SOXHLET » type extraction cartridge, in borosilicate glass with fast opening lid and bag mounted on a AISI 316L stainless steel support.

  • AISI 316L stainless steel connecting tubes for the process and reinforced PVC tube for cooling fluid.

  • Support framework with AISI 304L stainless steel tubes, aluminium connecting nuts and adjustable feet.

     

INSTRUMENTATION :

  • Cooling water feed to condenser equipped with variable-area flowmeter with its adjusting valve and water flow switch to turn off heating in case of lack of cooling water.

  • IP55 command and control cabinet equipped with an emergency stop, operating buttons and the following interfaces :

  • Boiler heating controller.

  • Digital temperature indicator with two Pt100 Ω type probes.

 

Dimensions and weight

1800 mm x 850 mm x 2960 mm ~ 180 kg.

 

Essential requirements

230 V / 50 Hz / Single phase : 4 kW.

Cold water 20°C / 3 bar : 0.6 m³/h.

Drain.